Search WWW Search

The Hakka People

The Hakka (客家) are Han Chinese people who speak several variations of the Hakka dialect, including Meixian and Longchuan. The Hakka dialect spoken in Meixian is considered the standard form and can be transcribed into standard Chinese characters as well as other Chinese vernaculars. The Chinese characters for Hakka (客家) literally mean "guest families".

The Hakka people were forced to flee their homes in the war-torn Yellow River valley (Shanxi, Henan, Hubei and Anhui in north-central China) to seek refuge in southern China in five successive waves of migration at various stages between the 4th and 13th centuries AD.

The first migration during the 4th century at the fall of the Western Jin dynasty, when Hakka ancestors reached as far south as Hubei, south Henan, and central Jiangxi. By the late 9th and early 10th centuries, with the disorder created during the late Tang dynasty, the ancestors of the present-day Hakka moved farther south into Jiangxi, Fujian, and Guangdong. The third wave, which stretched from the beginning of the 12th century to the middle of the 17th, was caused by the exodus of the Southern Song dynasty and their supporters in a southward flight from the Mongol invasion. This dislodged people from Jiangxi and southwestern Fujian and forced them further into the northern and eastern quarters of Guangdong. By the end of the Yuan dynasty (1368), northern and eastern Guangdong were exclusively Hakka. The fourth wave, which lasted from the mid-17th century to the mid-19th century, began with the Manchu conquest, and during the Qing dynasty, migration expanded into the central and coastal areas of Guangdong, Sichuan, Guangxi, Hunan, Taiwan, and southern Guizhou. By the time of the fifth wave, beginning in the middle of the 19th century, conflicts between the Hakka and the Yue increased. Triggered by population pressure, the Hakka-Punti (Yue called themselves Punti people, meaning local people in Cantonese dialect) Wars, and the large Hakka involvement in the Taiping Rebellion, the fifth wave of migration sent Hakka emigrants to seek better lives farther afield, to the southern part of Guangdong, Hainan Island, and overseas to Southeast Asia (Malaya and Borneo). The establishment of the People's Republic of China and China's announcement of the intent to reclaim Hong Kong in 1997 have created the sixth wave of migration, which has continued the flow of Hakka overseas to the United States, Australia, and Canada.

Since the prime farming land had already been farmed in places to which they emigrated, the later arrivals of Hakka people were generally forced into the higher elevations to the hilly, less productive, and less desirable land. Such was the case in Guangdong, Guangxi, and the New Territories of Hong Kong, where the Yue had already settled the more fertile river valleys, and also in Taiwan where the Min speakers owned the better land. Hakka settlements can be found widely distributed and in smaller communities. Many are found on coastal areas in inlets and bays surrounded by hills.

Most of the Hakka people are concentrated in northeastern Guangdong, east of the North River, in the mountainous, less fertile region of Meizhou Prefecture. Meizhou, which includes the seven predominantly Hakka counties that surround Meixian, is considered the Hakka "heartland" and is claimed by many Hakka as their native place.

Sizable Hakka populations are also found in southwestern Fujian, southern Jiangxi, eastern Guangxi, Hainan Island, Hong Kong, Taiwan, and in regions of Sichuan and Hunan.

The Hakka have had a long history of conflict and competition with other Chinese groups over scarce land and resources. In Fujian and Taiwan they suffered from hostile relations with Min, and in Guangdong they fought with Yue speakers. Hakka-Yue conflicts were particularly violent throughout the middle of the 19th century, in the aftermath of the Taiping Rebellion, and during the Hakka-Punti Wars (1854-1867). The Yue-speaking people were also called Punti people which means "local people".

Because of their often hostile relations with other groups, Hakka architectural style often differed from that of their Chinese and non-Chinese neighbours.

The Hakka who settled in the mountainous region of south-western Fujian province developed a unique form of architecture known as the tulou (土樓) for defensive purposes. The tulou are round or square and were designed as a combined large fortress and multi-apartment building complex. The structures typically had only one entrance-way, with no windows at ground level. Each floor served a different function: the first floor contained a well and livestock, the second food storage, and the third and higher floors living spaces. Tulou were built to withstand attack from bandits and marauders.

As they strifed to live a simple life in a harsh environment of poor land and lack of other resources, the Hakka people had endevoured to learn to become extremely skilled and hardworking agriculturalists who can render the least desirable land productive. In the course of their history, the Hakka often farmed wasteland rejected by others or worked as tenants. During the 19th century, Hakka peasants often had to supplement their agricultural work with other occupations. They were also silver miners, charcoal makers, itinerant weavers, dockworkers, barbers, blacksmiths, and stonecutters.

When Hakka expanded into areas with pre-existing populations, there was often little agricultural land left for them to farm. The Hakka culturally emphasized on education. As a result, many Hakka men turned towards careers in the military or in public service. They have been a source of many revolutionary, government and military leaders, including Dr. Sun Yatsen.

As early as the Southern Song dynasty, Hakka men sought their fortunes by joining the military. The Taiping army, the Nationalist forces of Sun Yatsen, and the Communist army during the Long March were all comprised of large numbers of Hakka soldiers. Overseas Hakka men worked as railway builders, plantation hands, and miners.

Besides being agriculturists, Hakka people exceled in martial art and their scholarly skills have helped in their achievement in political, academic, and professional occupations, but they are not known for their involvement in commercial enterprises. However, a number of successful entrepreneurs are of Hakka ancestry. For example, T. V. Soong, founder of the Bank of China, and Aw Boon Aw, who made his fortune selling Tiger Balm, were both Hakka. In Calcutta today, the Hakka minority are successful entrepreneurs in the leather and tanning industry.

Where the land permitted, they grew rice and vegetables. In poorer areas sweet potatoes were their staple. As much of the agricultural labor was performed by women, who, unlike other Chinese, did not have their feet bound when the practice was commonplace in China. Men's tasks were limited to marketing and cutting of wood from the hillsides for fuel in villages. Because of their agrarian lifestyle, Hakka people's cuisince was largely based on an equal balance between texturised meat and fresh vegetables.

The Hakka people do not have their own distinct religion, but like most other Chinese, traditionally practiced a blend of Daoism, Buddhism, Confucianism, and "folk" religion, subject to regional variation. Some missionaries characterize the Hakka as having more "monotheistic tendencies" than other Chinese; these tendencies may have contributed to the fact that relatively larger numbers of the Hakka converted to Christianity during the 19th and early 20th centuries than did other Han Chinese.

The Hakka have emigrated to many parts of the world. By the 20th century Hakka could be found on virtually every continent. Many of them have settled in Taiwan, Asia (India, Burma, Bangladesh), Southeast Asia (Brunei, Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia, Thailand, and East Timor), North and South America (USA, Canada, Panama and Brazil), the Carribean (Jamaica, Trinidad and Tobago), Africa (South Africa and Mauritius), Australia and Europe (Great Britain, France, Spain, Germany, Austria, Belgium, and the Netherlands).

The Hakka people have had a significant influence on the course of Chinese and world history. The Hakka have long played an important role in Chinese politics, despite their economic disadvantages. During the Qing dynasty, the Hakka fared well in the imperial examinations and ascended into the imperial bureaucracy. Today they are disproportionately well represented in the government of the People's Republic of China (PRC). While they comprise of 3.7% of the population of the PRC, they represent a far greater proportion of government leaders. Among the most well-known Hakka political figures are Deng Xiaoping; Zhu De, the military commander during the Long March; Marshal Ye Jiangying, leader of the Peoples Liberation Army; and former Communist Party Secretary Hu Yaobang. Outside of the PRC, Hakka leaders include Taiwan's President Lee Teng-hui; Singapore's Prime Ministers Lee Kwan Yew and Lee Hsien Loong; Burma's Prime Minister Ne Win; and the governor-general of Trinidad and Tobago, Sir Solomon Hochoy. .

It was estimated that the total population of Hakka people in china was over 38 million in 1990, comprising approximately 3.7 percent of the total Chinese population. In 1992 the world population of the Hakka was approximately 75 million, increasing to about 80 million worldwide today.
Related Links:
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)客家人歷史
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)客家天下
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)Distinguished Hakka People Worldwide
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)Ethnic Minorities
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)Han Chinese
greenbal.gif (917 bytes)Zodiac

Distinguished Hakka People Worldwide

Country of Residence Name
in Mandarin & Hakka
Years of
Birth & Death
Place of Birth Place of Ancestry Profile Image Profile Description
Australia Helen Sham-Ho
1943- Hong Kong Bao'an, Guangdong Member, New South Wales Legislative Council, 1988-2003; First Chinese to be elected to an Australian parliament.
Australia Alfred Huang
1938- Chengdu, Sichuan Jiaoling, Guangdong Lord Mayor, Adelaide, 2000–2003.
Australia Henry Tsang
1943- Nanchang, Jiangxi Wuhua, Guangdong Deputy Lord Mayor, Sydney, 1991–1999; Member, New South Wales Legislative Council, 1999-2009.
Australia Tsung Foo Hee
(Robert Chong)
1954- Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong Mayor, Whitehorse, Victoria, 2002-2005.
Australia Penny Wong
1968- Sabah, Malaysia First Chinese and first Asian Cabinet Minister, 2007-2013; First female Leader of the Government in the Senate, 2013; First female Leader of the Opposition in the Senate, 2013-.
Australia Peter Wong
1942- Zhaoqing, Guangdong Zijin, Guangdong Member, New South Wales Legislative Council, 1999-2007; Leading anti-white nationalist politician; Founder, Unity Party, which was formed to oppose Pauline Hanson and her white supremacy One Nation party, 1997.
Brazil William Boss Wu
1968- São Paulo, Brazil Raoping, Guangdong First and only Chinese elected to the National Congress of Brazil, 2006-.
Canada Adrienne Louise Poy
(Adrienne Louise Clarkson)
1939- Hong Kong Adrian Clarkson is the first Canadian-Chinese (and first visible minority) Governor-General of Canada (1999–2005). Her father is of Taishanese ancestry and mother is a Hakka.
Canada Won Alexander Cumyow
1861-1955 British Columbia, Canada Guangdong First person of Chinese origin born in Canada; As a court interpreter, Won is also the first Chinese public servant of Canada.
Canada Denzil Minnan-Wong
1963- Fujian First Chinese Deputy Mayor of Toronto, 2014-.
China Chen Pixian
1916-1995 Shanghang, Fujian Shanghang, Fujian Member, Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (中国共产党中央书记处), 1982–1985; Governor of Hubei, 1978–1980.
China Chen Qihan
1910-1965 Ganxian, Jiangxi Ganxian, Jiangxi General, 1955-; First President, Military Court, People's Liberation Army, 1954-1957; Commander-in-chief, Jiangxi Military Region, 1949.
China Chen Yinke
1890-1969 Changsha, Hunan Xiushui, Jiangxi Sinologist; Considered one of the most influential historians in 20th century China.
China Chia Fui
( Xie Fei)
1932-1999 Lufeng, Guangdong Lufeng, Guangdong Vice-Chairman, National People's Congress (全国人民代表大会), 1998–1999.
China Chia Leong Mook
(Hsieh Liang-mu)
1884-1931 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian Revolutionary leader; Major General; Hsieh, with his older brother, Yi-qiao (逸桥), raised 100 000 Yuan from the Chinese community in Southeast Asia for the Huanghuagang Uprising (黄花岗起义), Xinhai Revolution, in 1911. Planning for the uprising was held in the Hsieh family premises in Penang, Malaysia. At least 27 of the 85 martyrs of Huanghuagang (黄花岗七十二烈士) are Hakka.
China Chia Tshin Ngian
(Xie Jinyuan)
1905-1941 Jiaoling, Guangdong Jiaoling, Guangdong Major General, 1941; Commander, Defence of Sihang Warehouse, Shanghai, 1937; The heroism of Xie and the defenders of the warehouse which lifted flagging Chinese morale was made into films in 1938 and 1976 named "Eight Hundred Heroes" (八百壯士).
China Chia Yu Fatt
(Xie Youfa)
1917-1995 Xingguo, Jiangxi Xingguo, Jiangxi Youngest Lieutenant General at the age of 38, 1955.
China Chin Eugene
(Eugene Chen)
1878-1944 San Fernando,
Trinidad and Tobago
Meixian, Guangdong Outstanding Foreign Minister in the 1920s known for his success in promoting Sun Yat-sen's anti-imperialist foreign policies; Chen's father was a former Taiping.
China Chin Min Su
(Chen Mingshu)
1889-1965 Bepu, Guangxi Bepu, Guangxi Acting Premier of the Republic of China, 1931-1932; General, 1947-; Commander-in-Chief, 19th Route Army (十九路军), Battle of Shanghai, 1931-1932.
China Chin Nyuk Sin
(Chen Yucheng)
1837-1862 Tengxian, Guangxi Wengyuan Heroic King (英王), 1859; One of the two key leaders at the later stages of the Kingdom
China Chin Tsi Thong
(Chen Jitang)
1890-1954 Fangcheng, Guangxi Bobai, Guangxi General First-class (four-star general), 1935-; Known as the "Southern Heavenly King" (南天王) as he wielded absolute control of the government and army of autonomous Guangdong, 1929-1936.
China Chong Fat Khui
( Zhang Fakui)
1896-1980 Shixing, Guangdong Shixing, Guangdong General, 1936-; Commander-in-chief, National Revolutionary Army, 1949; Commander-in-chief, 4th War Zone, 1939-1944; Honorary President of the "Hong Kong Tsung Tsin Association", the umbrella body for Hakka people in Hong Kong, Zhang initiated and organized the first World Hakka Congress in 1971.
China Chu Teh
(Zhu De)
1886-1976 Yilong, Sichuan Shaoguan, Guangdong Chairman of the National People's Congress (Head of State), People's Republic of China, 1975-1976; Marshal, 1955-; Founder and Commander-in-chief of the Red Army (红军), later known as the People's Liberation Army (人民解放军).
China Deng Keng
1886-1922 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Sun Yat-sen's main advisor on military matters; General, 1922; Chief of Staff, Guangdong Army (粤军), 1917-1922; Founding Commander, First Division, Guangdong Army, 1920-1922.
China Deng Yanda
1895-1931 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang, Guangdong Leftist Nationalist politician who, in 1930, founded the Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party, one of the eight non-communist, legally recognised political parties in the People's Republic of China today; Deng was a military commander in the elite First Division of the Guangdong Army.
China Deng Zhiyu
1878-1925 Boluo, Guangdong Boluo Leader, Huizhou Qinuhu Uprising (惠州七女湖起义), Xinhai Revolution, 1907.
China Ding Richang
1823-1882 Fengshun, Guangdong Fengshun, Guangdong Provincial Governor (巡抚) who was a leading figure of the Self-Strengthening Movement (洋务运动); Ding's abilities in maritime defences were a major asset to China during that period.
China Ding Seng
1913-1999 Yudu, Jiangxi Yudu, Jiangxi Major General, 1955-; Governor of Guangdong, 1972-1974.
China Fan Hanjie
1896-1976 Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong Lieutenant General, 1945-; Deputy Commander-in-chief, National Revolutionary Army, 1948; Deputy Commander-in-chief, Dongbei (Manchuria) Force, Chinese Civil War, 1948; Deputy Commander-in-chief, 1st War Zone, Second Sino-Japanese War, 1945..
China Fu Yau Bong
( Hu Yaobang)
1915-1989 Liuyang, Hunan Ji'an, Jiangxi Chairman of the Communist Party of China, 1981-1982; General Secretary of the Communist Party of China, 1980–1987; In 1989, the memorial service for his death sparked off a pro-democracy movement which led to the Tiananmen Square protests.
China Fung Siew Chen
(Hong Xiuquan)
1812-1864 Huaxian, Guangdong Meixian
Heavenly King (天王), 1851; Leader, Taiping Rebellion; The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom (太平天国), 1851-1864, established by Hong had, at one stage, occupied one-third of China, and almost toppled the Qing Dynasty
China Fung Tse Choi
(Feng Zicai)
1818-1903 Qinzhou, Guangxi Bobai Commander-in-chief, Provincial Army (提督), 1862-; Commanding general, Sino-French War, 1884–1885; Feng was instrumental in the defeat of the French at the Battle of Bang Bo which led to the French Retreat from Lang Son and the conclusion of the war.
China Fung Yun San
(Feng Yunshan)
1815-1852 Huaxian, Guangdong Longchuan South King (南王), 1851; Strategist of the Rebellion; Administrator of the Kingdom
China Guo Moruo
1892-1978 Leshan, Sichuan Ninghua, Fujian Author, poet and historian; Considered to be one of the most important literary figures of modern China.
China Ho Yee Chong
(He Ruzhang)
1838-1891 Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong China's first ambassador to Japan, 1877–1882.
China Huang Baitao
1900-1948 Tianjin Meixian, Guangdong General, 1948; Commander-in-chief, 7th Army Group; Twice recipient of the Order of Blue Sky and White Sun (the highest honour for a military commander); Huang committed suicide rather than surrendering after he was defeated at the Huaihai Campaign, the most decisive battle of the Chinese Civil War, in 1948.
China Huang Qixiang
1898-1970 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong General, 1946-; Leftist Nationalist; Deputy Commander-in-chief, 5th War Zone, 1938; Led the Chinese Peasants' and Workers' Democratic Party, 1931-1938, after Deng Yanda's death; Commander, Fourth Army, for the Second Expedition, 1927, at the age of 28.
China Huang Zunxian
1848-1905 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Famous diplomat and poet; Consul-General (总领事) to San Francisco, United States, 1882-1886 and Singapore, 1891-1894.
China Lai Chuanzhu
1910-1965 Ganxian, Jiangxi Ganxian, Jiangxi General, 1955-; Political Commissar, 15th Army Corps (later 13th Army Corps), Fourth Field Army, 1948-1950; Chief of Staff, New Fourth Army, 1941-1945; The life story of Lai was made into a television drama, "General Diary Complete" (将军日记), in 2011.
China Lai Enjue
1795-1848 Shenzhen Zhijin Admiral (水师提督), Guangdong Navy, 1843-1848; Commander, Battle of Kowloon, First Opium War, 1839.
China Lee Ket Hau
(Li Guohao)
1913-2005 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong One of the top bridge engineering experts in the world; President, Tongji University, Shanghai, 1977-1984.
China Lee Siew Sin
(Li Xiucheng)
1823-1864 Tengxian, Guangxi Fengle Loyal King (忠王), 1858; One of the two key leaders at the later stages of the Kingdom
China Lee Zongwu
1879-1943 Fushun, Sichuan Wuhua, Guangdong Scholar, famous for his Thick Black Theory (厚黑学).
China Tomson Li Dongsheng
1957- Jiexi, Guangdong Jiexi, Guangdong Founder, Chairman and CEO, TCL Corporation, the world's 25th-largest consumer electronics producer and third-largest television producer (after Samsung and LG), 2010.
China Li Hejun
1967- Heyuan, Guangdong Heyuan, Guangdong Founder, Chairman and CEO, Hanergy; Li is ranked 7th richest in China, Forbes, 2014.
China Li Lisan
1899-1967 Liling, Hunan Liling, Hunan Top leader of Chinese Communist Party, 1928-1930.
China Li Tian You
1914-1970 Lingui, Guangxi Lingui, Guangxi General, 1955-; Deputy Chief of Staff, People's Liberation Army, 1962-1970; A film, titled "Li Tianyou Jagged Siping" (李天佑血战四平), about how Li led the Communist first-ever attack and victory of a city, Battle of Siping, 1946, was made in 2009.
China Li Zhen
1907-1990 Liuyang, Hunan Liuyang, Hunan First female to attain the rank of Major General, 1955.
China Li Zhiming
1906-1987 Liuyang, Hunan Liuyang, Hunan General, 1955-; Political Commissar, Chinese People's Volunteer Army, Korean War, 1955.
China Liang Boqiang
1899-1968 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Pioneer pathologist; Liang has educated and served as a role model to hundreds of pathologists in China.
China Liao Hui
1942- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Son of Liao Chengzhi and grandson of Liao Zhongkai; Vice-Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议), 2003-; Director, Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, 1997-2010.
China Liao Tshung Koi
(Liao Zhongkai)
1877-1925 San Francisco, USA Huiyang, Guangdong Sun Yat-sen's main advisor on financial matters; Liao was one of the three most powerful figures in Kuomintang when Sun died.
China Liau Sin Chee
(Liao Chengzhi)
1908-1983 Tokyo, Japan Huiyang, Guangdong Son of Liao Zhongkai; Died a week before he was expected to be elected Vice-President, People's Republic of China; First Director, Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office, 1978-1983.
China Liew Yun Fook
(Liu Yongfu)
1837-1917 Qinzhou, Guangxi Bobai Founder and commander of the celebrated Black Flag Army (黑旗军), 1857-1885; President, Republic of Formosa, 1895.
China Lin Fengmian
1900-1991 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong A pioneer of modern Chinese painting.
China Liu Fuzhi
1917- Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Procurator-General, Supreme People's Procuratorate, 1988-1993.
China Liu Guangdi
1859-1898 Fushun, Sichuan Wuping One of the "Six Gentlemen of the Hundred Days' Reform (戊戌六君子) - a group of six intellectuals executed by Empress Dowager Cixi for their attempts to help Guangxu Emperor implement the "Hundred Days' Reform" (戊戌变法).
China Liu Qingen
1869-1929 Deyang, Sichuan Guangdong Inventor of the first Chinese semi-automatic rifle, known as General Liu rifle, 1914.
China Liu Yalou
1910-1965 Wuping, Fujian Wuping, Fujian General, 1955-; First Commander-in-chief, People's Liberation Army Air Force, 1949-1965.
China Luo Zhuoying
1896-1961 Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong General, 1946-; Commander-in-chief, 1st Route Expeditionary Forces, Burma (China first participation of a war overseas), 1942; Deputy Commander-in-chief, 9th War Zone, Second Sino-Japanese War, 1941.
China Miao Peinan
1890-1970 Wuhua, Guangdong Wuhua, Guangdong Lieutenant General, 1936-; Commander-in-chief, 9th Army Group, Second Sino-Japanese War, 1940; Miao represented the Chinese government to accept the Japanese surrender in Guangdong, 1945.
China Peng Jiaheng
1921-2010 West Kalimantan, Indonesia Xingning, Guangdong The only pilot from China awarded with the Distinguished Flying Cross by the US government in 1945 for outstanding achievements during the 2nd Sino-Japanese War; Flying with the 1st American Volunteer Group, also known as the Flying Tigers, Peng had engaged in 64 air battles against the Japanese.
China Sak Tat Hoi
(Shi Dakai)
1831-1863 Guixian, Guangxi Heping Wing King (翼王), 1851; The youngest of the six key leaders of Taiping at the age of 19; Shi's heroics as an outstanding general were later to inspire his fellow Hakka clansman, Zhu De, who founded the Red Army (红军), later known as the People's Liberation Army (人民解放军).
China Siau Yong
(Xiao Yang)
1938- Heyuang, Guangdong Heyuang, Guangdong President, Supreme People's Court (最高人民法院) (Chief Justice), 1998–2008.
China Siet Ngok
(Xue Yue)
1896-1998 Lechang, Guangdong Rucheng, Hunan General First-class (four-star general), 1952-; Commander-in-chief, 9th War Zone, Second Sino-Japanese War, 1938-1945; Called "Patton of Asia" by the West and the "God of War" (战神) by the Chinese, Xue was China most outstanding general during the war.
China Soon Kho
(Sun Ke)
1895-1973 Xiangshan, Guangdong Zijin, Guangdong Son of Sun Yat-sen; Premier of the Republic of China, 1932, 1948–1949.
China Soon Tsung San
(Sun Yat-sen)
1886-1925 Xiangshan, Guangdong Zijin Founding father of modern China; First President, Provisional Government of the Republic of China, 1912.
China Soong Ka Su
(Charlie Soong)
1863-1918 Wenchang, Hainan Wenchang Provided the main financial support and raising of funds for the revolutionary movement; Soong's daughters, the Soong Sisters, and son, Tse-ven, were to become some of the most influential figures of China in the 20th century.
China Soong Khin Lin
(Soong Ching-ling)
1893-1981 Kunshan, Jiangsu Wenchang, Hainan Second of the Soong Sisters; Wife of Sun Yat-sen; Leftist Nationalist; Chairman of the National People's Congress (Head of State), People's Republic of China, 1976-1978; Honorary President of the People's Republic of China, 1981.
China Soong Oi Lin
(Soong Ai-ling)
1890-1973 Shanghai Wenchang, Hainan Eldest of the Soong Sisters; Wife of Kung Hsiang-hsi, the richest man in China during that period; The lives of the sisters were made into a film, "The Soong Sisters" (宋家皇朝), in 1997.
China Soong Tse Vun
(Soong Tse-ven)
1894-1971 Shanghai Wenchang, Hainan Son of Charlie Soong; Acting Premier of the Republic of China, 1930, 1932-1933 and 1944-1945, Premier of the Republic of China, 1945–1947.
China Thien Siau Phin
(Deng Xiaoping)
1904-1997 )Guang An, Sichuan a prominent Chinese revolutionary, politician, pragmatist and reformer, as well as the late leader of the Communist Party of China (CPC). Paramount Leader of the People's Republic of China from 1978 to the early 1990s.
China Wang Li
1900-1986 Bobai, Guangxi Tingzhou, Fujian Considered to be the founder of modern Chinese linguistics.
China Wang Shoudao
1906-1996 Liuyang, Hunan Liuyang, Hunan Vice-Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议), 1978–1983; Governor of Hunan, 1950-1952.
China Wen Shengcai
1869-1911 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian One of the Four Martyrs of Honghuagang (红花岗四烈士); Wen assassinated the Manchu general, Fu Qi, in 1911; All of the four martyrs of Honghuagang are Hakkas.
China Wong Fah Fah
(Huang Huahua)
1946- Xingning, Guangdong Xingning, Guangdong Governor of Guangdong, 2003-2011.
China Wu Qiwei
1890-1953 Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong Lieutenant General, 1935-; Governor of Hunan, 1945-1946; Commander-in-chief, Changjiang (Yangtze River) Defence Force, Second Sino-Japanese War, 1942-1944; Deputy Commander-in-chief, 4th War Zone (later 6th War Zone), Second Sino-Japanese War, 1939; Wu defected to the Communists in 1949.
China Xiao Hua
1916-1985 Xingguo, Jiangxi Xingguo, Jiangxi Youngest General at the age of 39, 1955; Vice-Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议), 1983–1985; Chief Political Commissar, People's Liberation Army, 1964-1967.
China Yan Botao
1792-1855 Lianping, Guangdong Lianping Governor (总督), Fujian and Zhejiang Provinces, 1841-1842; Commander, Battle of Amoy, First Opium War, 1841
China Yong Siew Tshin
(Yang Xiuqing)
1821-1856 Guiping, Guangxi East King.
China Yang Yong
1913-1983 Liuyang, Hunan Liuyang, Hunan Member, Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee (中国共产党中央书记处), 1982–1983; General, 1955-; Deputy Chief of General Staff, People's Liberation Army, 1959; Governor of Guizhou, 1950–1951.
China Yao Yuping
1882-1974 Pingyuan, Guangdong Pingyuan General, 1912-; Commander-in-chief, Guangdong Northern Expeditionary Army (广东北伐军), Xinhai Revolution, 1911-1912; Yao's successive victories against the Qing Army were vital in the successful defence of the Provisional Government in Nanjing and the early abdication of Xuan Tong Emperor.
China Yap Kiam Yin
(Ye Jianying)
1897-1986 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Chairman of the National People's Congress (Head of State), People's Republic of China, 1978-1983; Marshal, 1955-; Communist China first Governor of Guangdong, 1949–1953; Ye led the overthrow of the Gang of Four, which marked the end of the Cultural Revolution.
China Yap Sen Phin
( Ye Xuanping)
1924- Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Son of Ye Jianying; Vice-Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference (中国人民政治协商会议), 1991–2003; Governor of Guangdong, 1985–1991.
China Ye Ting
1896-1946 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang, Guangdong Commander-In-chief, New Fourth Army, one of the two main Chinese communist forces fighting the Japanese Imperial Army during the Second Sino-Japanese War (the other main communist force, Eighth Route Army, was commanded by Zhu De).
China Yong Siew Tshin
(Yang Xiuqing)
1821-1856 Guiping, Guangxi Meixian East King (东王), 1851; Commander-in-chief, Taiping Army
China Yong Sin Woo
(Yang Chengwu)
1904-2004 Changting, Fujian Changting, Fujian Vice-Chairman, Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference 中国人民政治协商会议), 1983–1988; General, 1955-; Acting Chief of General Staff, People's Liberation Army, 1965-1968.
China Zeng Jinyan
1983- Longyan, Fujian Longyan, Fujian One of China's leading human rights activists; Wife of Hu Jia, a key figure in China's dissident movement; Zeng was selected as "TIME Magazine's 100 People Who Shape Our World" in 2007.
China Zhang Dingcheng
1898-1981 Yongding, Fujian Yongding, Fujian First Procurator-General, Supreme People's Procuratorate (最高人民检察院), 1954–1975; Governor of Fujian, 1949-1954.
China Zhang Ruxin
1908-1976 Xingning, Guangdong Xingning, Guangdong Communist revolutionary; First person to study and advocate Mao Zedong's Thoughts, later known as Maoism.
China Zhang Tingfa
1918-2010 Shaxian, Fujian Shaxian, Fujian Major General, 1955-; Commander-in-chief, People's Liberation Army Air Force, 1977-1985.
China Zhang Ziping
1893-1959 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Popular novelist in the 1930s.
China Zheng Shiliang
1863-1901 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang Leader, Huizhou Uprising (惠州起义), Xinhai Revolution, 1900; Zheng was a medical student and classmate of Sun Yat-sen, as well as a triad member; The uprising, which grew to 20000 men under Zheng, won numerous battles against the Qing soldiers, but had to be abandoned after the supply of ammunition could not reach them.
China Zheng Xiaoying
1929- Yongding, Fujian Yongding, Fujian China's first female orchestra conductor.
China Zhu Dake
1957- Shanghai Wuping, Fujian Scholar and Chinese cultural critic; Zhu was listed as one of the "50 Top Chinese Influencing the World’s Future" by the magazine, Phoenix Life, 2006.
China Zhu Mengyi
1959- Fengshun, Guangdong Fengshun, Guangdong Founder and Chairman, Hopson Development; Zhu was ranked 2nd richest in China, Forbes, 2005.
China Zhu Yunqing
1907-1931 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong First Chief of Staff, Red Army (红军), 1931, at the age of 23.
China Zou Rong
1885-1905 Chongqing, Sichuan Meixian Revolutionary martyr; Zou's calls for the overthrow of the Manchu regime and the establishment of a republic were captured in a little book he wrote - "The Revolutionary Army" (革命军); The patriotic book was widely read and had a profound influence on the revolutionary movement.
Cuba Moises Sio Wong
1938-2010 Matanzas, Cuba Zengcheng, Guangdong Brigadier General, Cuban Revolutionary Armed Forces, 1976-1996; Sio was in the rebel forces under Fidel Castro during the armed revolt of the Cuban Revolution, 1953-1959.
France Andre Thien Ah Koon
1940- Reunion Island, France Meixian, Guangdong First and only Chinese elected to the French National Assembly and the first Chinese elected to a parliament in Europe, 1986-2006; Mayor, Tampon, Reunion Island, 1983-2006, 2014-2020; First Chinese Mayor of Reunion Island and France.
Guyana Arthur Chung
1916-2008 West Demerara, Guyana Dabu, Guangdong First President, Guyana, 1970–1980.
Guyana Chung Chao-cheng
1925- Taoyuan, Taiwan Wuhua, Guangdong Novelist; Known as the Mother of Taiwanese Literature; Chung's novel, "The Dull Ice Flower" (鲁冰花), was made into films in 1989 and 2008.
Hong Kong Chan Shu Kit
1935- Guangzhou, Guangdong Bobai, Guangxi Founder, Chairman and CEO, Lei Garden Restaurant Group.
Hong Kong Chow Man Wai
(Raymond Chow)
1927- Hong Kong Dabu, Guangdong Founder, Golden Harvest; Launched the careers of Bruce Lee and Jackie Chan.
Hong Kong Chow Yun-fat
(Zhiu Rhun Fat)
1955- Hong Kong Bao'an, Guangdong One of the most famous actors in Asia; Lead actor in several Hollywood movies.
Hong Kong Jao Tsung-I
1917- Chaozhou, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Prominent scholar who has contributed to various fields of humanities with many pioneering works and a master of Chinese calligraphy and painting.
Hong Kong David Lan 藍鴻震 1940- Hong Kong Dabu, Guangdong Secretary for Home Affairs, 1997-2000.
Hong Kong Lau Soei
1866-1942 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang, Guangdong Third-generation grandmaster of Southern Praying Mantis (南派螳螂) martial art, which was originally taught only to Hakka people; Lau is acknowledged by both the practitioners of the Chow Gar (周家) and the Chu Gar (朱家) schools as the founding grandmaster in the modern era.
Hong Kong Lau Wong-fat
1936- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Chairman, Heung Yee Kuk (乡议局), a powerful body representing 700 indigenous villages in New Territories, 1980-; Known as the "Land Emperor of the New Territories" (新界土皇帝), Lau is a political kingpin in the Pro-Beijing camp.
Hong Kong Lee Fui Tong
(Lee Wai Tong)
1905-1979 Hong Kong Wuhua, Guangdong Considered to be the greatest footballer to play for China and one of the greatest footballers in Asia in the first half of the 20th century; Captain, China national football team, 1936 Berlin Olympics.
Hong Kong Martin Lee
1938- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Founding Chairman, Democratic Party, 1994–2002; Leading figure of Pan-democracy camp; Lee is hailed as the Father of democracy of Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Lee Wing Tat
1955- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Chairman, Democratic Party, 2004–2006.
Hong Kong Lim Yau Gui
Lam Yiu-Kwai
1877-1966 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang, Guangdong Creator of Southern Dragon (龙形拳) martial art.
Hong Kong Lo Heong Lim
(Lo Hsiang-lin)
1906-1978 Xingning, Guangdong Xingning, Guangdong Considered to be the most eminent scholar on Hakka culture and language.
Hong Kong Lo Kwee-seong
1910-1995 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Founder, Vitasoy International Holdings; Vitasoy is a well-known drinks and beverages brand in the world.
Hong Kong Victor Lo Chung-wing
1950- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Chairman and Chief Executive, Gold Peak Group.
Hong Kong Tang King Shing
1954- Hong Kong Commissioner of Police, 2007-2011.
Hong Kong Tham Yau Tsung
(Tam Yiu Chung)
1949- Taizhong, Taiwan Yunxiao, Fujian Chairman, Democratic Alliance for Betterment of Hong Kong, the largest pro-Beijing political party in Hong Kong, 2007-.
Hong Kong Tin Ka Ping
1919- Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong Famous philanthropist who donated his entire fortune mainly for educational purposes.
Hong Kong Tsang Hin-chi
1934- Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Founder and Chairman, Goldlion Group.
Hong Kong Andrew To
1966- Hong Kong Chairman, League of Social Democrats, the political party which is considered to be the "radical wing" of the Pan-democracy camp, 2010-2011.
Hong Kong Paul Tsui
1916-1994 Hong Kong Wuhua, Guangdong Son of Peter Tsui; First Chinese Administrative Officer - the highest-ranking Chinese in the government of British Hong Kong for 27 years, 1946-1973.
Hong Kong Peter Tsui
1889-1980 Wuhua, Guangdong Wuhua, Guangdong First local founder of an English school, Wah Yan College, Hong Kong in 1919, and Wah Yan College, Kowloon in 1924; Both schools are now two of the most elite and prestigious in Hong Kong; Tsui is also a co-founder of the "Hong Kong Tsung Tsin Association" (香港崇正总会), the umbrella body for Hakkas in Hong Kong.
Hong Kong Woon Swee Oan
1954- Perak, Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong One of the four major wuxia novelists; Some of Woon's novels, "The Four" (四大名捕), "Face to Fate" (布衣神相) and "Strike at Heart" (惊艳一枪) have been made into television dramas and films.
Hong Kong Zeng Sheng
1910-1995 Huiyang, Guangdong Huiyang, Guangdong Commander of Dong River Column guerilla force (东江纵队), accomplishments included the aiding of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war to escape from Japanese internment camps and the rescue of twenty American pilots who parachuted into Hong Kong when they were shot down during the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong, 1941-1945.
Hong Kong Sally Aw Sian
1931- Yangon, Myanmar Yongding, Fujian Adopted daughter of Aw Boon Haw; Media mogul; Former proprietor of The Standard, Sing Tao Daily and Tin Tin Daily.
Indonesia Euw Jong Tjhoen Moy
(Myra Sidharta)
1927- Bangka-Belitung Islands, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong Expert on Tionghoa Malay literature (Malay literature by Chinese Indonesians); Sidharta has an autobiography, "In Search of My Ancestral Home", where she narrated about her "pilgrimage" to Meixian, the place where her grandfather was from.
Indonesia Him Tek Jie
(Teddy Jusuf)
1966- West Java, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong First and only Chinese to attain the rank of Brigadier General, Indonesian National Armed Forces, 1983.
Indonesia Liauw Khian Joe
(Leo Suryadinata)
1940- Jakarta, Indonesia Well-known sinologist on Chinese Indonesian.
Indonesia Low Fang Pak
1738-1778Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Founder and President, Hakka Republic of Lanfang in West Kalimantan, 1777–1884; The republic lasted for 107 years and had ten presidents who are all Meixian Hakkas.
Indonesia Susi Susanti
1971- West Java, Indonesia Wenchang, Hainan Gold medalist, Badminton (Women's Singles), 1992 Barcelona Olympics; Winner, World Badminton Championships, 1993; Winner, All-England Championships, 1990, 1991, 1993 and 1994; Only female badminton player to hold the Olympic, World Championship and All-England singles titles simultaneously.
Indonesia Tjoeng Wan Hok
(Basuki Tjahaja Purnama)
1966- Bangka–Belitung Islands, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong First Chinese Governor, Jakarta, capital of Indonesia, which is considered to be the third most powerful position in Indonesia, 2014-; Basuki is more popularly known by his Hakka name, "Ahok" (阿学).
Indonesia Wong Hon San
(Christiandy Sanjaya)
1964- West Kalimantan, Indonesia Jiexi, Guangdong Deputy Governor, West Kalimantan, 2008-2013; First elected Chinese Deputy Governor of Indonesia.
Indonesia Wong Sau Fan
(Hasan Karman)
1962- West Kalimantan, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong Mayor, Singkawang, West Kalimantan, 2007-2012; First Chinese Mayor of Indonesia.
Jamaica Horace Chang
1952- Westmorland, United Kingdom Cabinet Minister, 2007-2011.
Jamaica Anthony Chen
1938- St Andrew's, Jamaica Guangdong Nobel Peace Prize Laureate, 2007.
Jamaica Delroy Chuck
1950- Manchester Parish, Jamaica Dongguan Cabinet Minister, 2011-2012; First Chinese Speaker, House of Representatives, 2007-2011.
Macau Teddy Yip
1907-2003 North Sumatra, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong Real estate magnate; Person behind the founding of the Macau Grand Prix; Owner of the famed Formula One Theodore Racing team; One of the co-founders of Sociedade de Turismo e Diversões de Macau, which has a monopoly to run all casino operations and many other leisure activities in MacauY.
Malaysia Chang Kin Gui
(Chung Keng Quee)
1827-1901 Zengcheng, Guangdong Zengcheng, Guangdong Founder, Taiping, Perak; Kapitan Cina, Perak, 1875-1900; Leader, Hai San Secret Society, Larut War, 1861-1874.
Malaysia Chen Man Hin
1938- Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Co-founder and Chairman, Democratic Action Party, 1965-1999.
Malaysia Chin Ah Yam
-1899 Dabu, Guangdong Dabu, Guangdong Kapitan Cina, Perak, 1875-1899; Leader, Ghee Hin Secret Society, Larut War, 1861-1874.
Malaysia Peter Chin Fah Kui
1945- Sarawak, Malaysia Bao'an, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2004-2013; President, Sarawak United Peoples' Party, 2011-.
Malaysia Chiu Yong Ket
(Jimmy Choo)
1961- Penang, Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong Renowned luxury fashion designer of shoes and handbags that carry "Jimmy Choo" name as its brand.
Malaysia Chor Chee Heung
1955- Kedah, Malaysia Dabu, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2010-2013.
Malaysia Chung Chen Sun
1935- Malacca, Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong Renowned artist; Founder, Malaysian Institute of Art, 1967.
United Kingdom
Han Suyin
1917-2012 Xinyang, Henan Wuhua, Guangdong Famous novelist and author of books on modern China; Han's father is Hakka Chinese and mother is Flemish. One of her books was turned into a popular movie "Love Is Many A Splendoured Thing".
Malaysia Hsieh Yung-kuan
1848-1916 West Kalimantan, Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong Chinese Vice Consul in Penang, 1895-1903 and 1906-1907; Hsieh is also known as Cheah Choon Seng.
Malaysia Kok Su Sim
(Teresa Kok)
1964- Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Huizhou, Guangdong Member of Parliament, 1999-; Won by the highest majority among more than 200 constituency seats in the 2008 and 2013 Malaysian general elections; In the 2013 election, Kok won more than 85% of the total votes cast, a record in Malaysia history.
Malaysia Koo Suk Chuan
Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Founder, Ying Oi Tong (仁爱堂), Southeast Asia's oldest Chinese medical hall, in Penang, 1796.
Malaysia Philip Lee Tau Sang
-1959 Highly respected and leading Chinese politician who was greatly favoured by the British colonial rulers in North Borneo (now Sabah) in the 1950s.
At different times, he was a member of the Advisory Council of North Borneo (1947–1950), the Legislative Council of North Borneo (1950–1958) and the Executive Council of North Borneo (1950–1953, 1956–1957).
Lee died of a heart attack in the United States in 1959.
Malaysia Leong Fee
1857-1911 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong First Chinese Member, Federal Legislative Council, 1909.
Malaysia Paul Leong Khee Seong
1939- Perak, Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1978-1986.
Malaysia Liau Tsung Loi
(Liow Tiong Lai)
1961- Malacca, Malaysia Dabu, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2008-2013, 2014-; President, Malaysian Chinese Association, 2013-.
Malaysia Liew Pak Khiun
(Lau Pak Khuan)
1894-1971 Zengcheng, Guangdong Zengcheng, Guangdong First Chinese to be conferred the "Datuk Seri" title; Led the unsuccessful bid for Chinese equal citizenship-rights and official language status during the drafting of the Malaysian Constitution.
Malaysia Peter Lo Su Yin
1923-2020 Sabah, Malaysia Longchuan, Guangdong A prominent lawyer who played an important role in the formation of Malaysia. First Chinese Chief Minister of Sabah, 1965–67; Cabinet Minister, 1963-1965. Died on 1, January, 2020, in Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia, at the age of 96.
Malaysia Omar Ong Yoke Lin
1917-2010 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Huizhou, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1955-1973; First Chinese President, Malaysian Senate, 1973-1980; Mooted the idea to form the Alliance Party (Malaysia), predecessor of Barisan Nasional, the ruling coalition party of Malaysia since independence in 1952.
Malaysia Pang Tet Tshung
1923-2018 Sabah, Malaysia Played an important role in the negotiations for the Chinese people in the formation of Malaysia in 1963. Cabinet Minister of Finance (1964), Minister of Communication & Works, Sabah (1968 - 1976).
Malaysia Wee Ka Siong
1968- Malacca, Malaysia Lufeng, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2014-.
Malaysia James Wong Kim MIn 黄金明 1922-2011 Sarawak, Malaysia Guangdong Leader of the Opposition of Malaysia, 1974; First Deputy Chief Minister, Sarawak, 1963-1966; President, Sarawak National Party, 1981-2003; Hold the record for being the longest serving Member of the Sarawak State Assembly for forty-six years, 1956-2001.
Malaysia Wong Mew Choo
1983- Perak, Malaysia Gold medalist, Badminton (Mixed Team), 2006 Commonwealth Games, Melbourne and 2010 Commonwealth Games, Delhi.
Malaysia Wong Pow Nee
1911-2002 Penang, Malaysia Xingning, Guangdong First Chief Minister of Penang, 1957–1969.
Malaysia Yap Ah Loy
1837-1885 Huizhou, Guangdong Huizhou, Guangdong Founder, modern Kuala Lumpur, capital of Malaysia; Kapitan Cina, Kuala Lumpur, 1868-1885.
Malaysia Stephen Yong Kuet Tze
1921-2001 Sarawak, Malaysia Dabu, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1982-1990; Co-founder, Sarawak United Peoples' Party, Sarawak’s first political party, 1959 (President, 1983-1990); Yong is best remembered for giving the Chinese in Sarawak a political voice.
Malaysia Yong Man Sang
(Yong Mun Sen)
1896-1962 Sarawak, Malaysia Dabu, Guangdong Renowned artist; Father of Malaysian Painting.
Malaysia Yong Teck Lee
1958- Sabah, Malaysia Longchuan, Guangdong Chief Minister of Sabah, 1996–1998; Founder and President, Sabah Progressive Party, 1994-.
Mauritius Chu Moi Lin
(Moilin Jean Ah-Chuen)
1909-1991 Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong First Chinese Cabinet Minister, 1967-1976; First Chinese Member, Legislative Council, 1949; Second Hakka after Sun Yat-sen to have his portrait printed on the bills of a country's currency.
Mauritius Emmanuel Jean Leung Shing
1944- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2000-2005.
Mauritius Lee Ket Fah
(Noel Lee Cheong Lem)
1951- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1993-1995.
Mauritius Thien Hock Sin
(Sylvio Tang Wah Hing)
1956- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2005-2010.
Mauritius Joseph Tsang Mang Kin
1938- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1995-2000; As a poet, Tsang has written a number of poems on the Hakka culture.
Mauritius John Yeung Sik Yuen
1971- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2010-.
Mauritius Bernard Yeung Sik Yuen
1950- Mauritius Meixian, Guangdong Chief Justice, Mauritius, 2008-.
Myanmar Khin Nyunt
1939- Yangon Region, Myanmar Meixian, Guangdong Prime Minister of Myanmar, 2003–2004; General, Myanmar Armed Forces, 2002-2003.
Myanmar Ne Win
1910-2002 Bago Region, Myanmar Meixian, Guangdong President of Myanmar, 1974-1981; Chairman, Union Revolutionary Council, 1962-1974; Prime Minister of Myanmar, 1958-1960, 1962-1974; Commander-in-chief (formerly known as Chief of Staff), Myanmar Armed Forces, 1949-1972; Ne Win was the paramount leader of Myanmar for three decades.
Netherlands Chung Mon
1920-1975 Bao'an, Guangdong Bao'an, Guangdong Bao'an, Guangdong Bao'an, Guangdong Triad chief based in Amsterdam; First Chinese Godfather of Europe; Chung had close links with the Kuomintang government in Taiwan and was decorated by the Dutch government.
Netherlands Roy Ho Ten Soeng
1945- Paramaribo, Suriname Guangdong Mayor, Venhuizen, North Holland, 2000-2006; First immigrant Mayor of Netherlands; First Chinese Mayor of Netherlands and Europe.
Netherlands Varina Tjon-A-Ten
1952- Paramaribo, Suriname Guangdong First Chinese elected to the House of Representatives, 2003-2006; Tjon-A-Ten is of mixed blood with paternal Hakka Chinese grandfather who migrated from Guangdong to Suriname.
Singapore Elizabeth Choy
1910-2006 Sabah, Malaysia Guangdong War heroine; First and only woman in the Legislative Council of Singapore, 1951-1955.
Singapore Hon Sui Sang
(Hon Sui Sen)
1916- Penang, Malaysia Jiexi, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1970–1983.
Singapore Howe Yoon Chong
1923-2007 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1979–1984 (Minister of Defence, 1979-1982).
Singapore Richard Hu
1926- Singapore Yongding, Fujian Cabinet Minister, 1985–2001.
Singapore Lee Choo Neo
1895-1947 Singapore Dabu, Guangdong Aunt of Lee Kuan Yew; First female doctor in Singapore.
Singapore Lee Kong Yau
(Lee Kuan Yew)
1923-2015 Singapore Dabu, Guangdong Founding father of modern Singapore; First Prime Minister of Singapore, 1959-1990.
Singapore Lee Hen Loong
(Lee Hsien Loong)
1952- Singapore Dabu, Guangdong Son of Lee Kuan Yew; Prime Minister of Singapore, 2004-; Youngest Brigadier General, Singapore Armed Forces, 1983-1984.
Singapore Yaw Chee Siew
1962- Sarawak, Malaysia Guangdong Son of Yaw Teck Seng; Executive Chairman, Otto Marine; Yaw is ranked 22nd richest in Singapore, Forbes, 2010.
Singapore Yong Bong Hau
(Yong Pung How)
1926- Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia Dabu, Guangdong Chief Justice, Singapore, 1990–2006.
Singapore Gregory Yong
1925-2008 Perak, Malaysia First local Roman Catholic Archbishop of Singapore, 1977-2000.
Singapore Yong Nyuk Lin
1918- Negri Sembilan, Malaysia Meixian, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1959-1976.
Singapore Aw Boon Haw
1882-1954 Yangon, Myanmar Yongding, Fujian Philanthropist of Tiger Balm and Haw Par Villa fame; Media mogul of the Chinese world; Founding President, Nanyang Khek Community Guild (南洋客属总会), the umbrella body for Hakkas in Singapore, 1929.
Singapore Aw Boon Par
1888-1944 Yangon, Myanmar Yongding, Fujian Younger brother of Aw Boon Haw; Philanthropist of Tiger Balm and Haw Par Villa fame.
Singapore Jannie Chan
1945- Perak, Malaysia Co-founder, The Hour Glass, with ex-husband; Formerly known as Jannie Tay; Chan was named as one of the 50 Leading Women Entrepreneurs of the World in Paris, 1997.
Suriname Hendrick Chin A Sen
1934-1999 Marowijne District, Suriname Huiyang, Guangdong President and Prime Minister of Suriname, 1980-1982; Chin paternal side is Hakka Chinese and maternal side is mixed Creole.
Suriname Michael Jong Tjien Fa
Suriname Bao'an, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 2002-2010.
Suriname Allan Li Fo Sjoe
1940- Paramaribo, Suriname Bao'an, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1984-1988.
Suriname Erik Tjon Kie Sim
1936-2009 Paramaribo, Suriname Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1982-1986.
Suriname Jack Tjon Tjin Joe
1932-2002 Suriname Huiyang, Guangdong Cabinet Minister, 1980-1981, 2000-2002.
Taiwan Chao Teng-hsiung
1944- Miaoli, Taiwan Founder and Chairman, Farglory Group; Chao is ranked 21st richest in Taiwan, Forbes, 2014.
Taiwan Chen Ta-ching
1904-1973 Chongyi, Jiangxi Chongyi, Jiangxi Minister of National Defense, 1972-1973; Governor of Taiwan Province, 1969-1972; General First-class (four-star general), 1973-; Commander-In-chief, Republic of China Army, 1967-1969.
Taiwan Chiu Chuang-huan
1925- Changhua, Taiwan Raoping, Guangdong Vice-Premier, Republic of China, 1981-1984; Governor of Taiwan Province, 1984-1990.
Taiwan Gan Yao-ming
1972- Miaoli, Taiwan Fiction writer who has received various literary awards; Gan's writings are often colored with Hakka language, culture and history.
Taiwan Hee Sin Leong
(Hsu Hsin-liang)
1941- Taoyuan, Taiwan Raoping, Guangdong Co-founder and Chairman, Democratic Progressive Party, 1991–1994, 1996–1998.
Taiwan Hiew Fung Kap
(Qiu Feng Jia)
1864-1912 Miaoli, Taiwan Jiaoling Commander, Taiwanese militia forces, Japanese invasion of Taiwan, 1895; Revolutionary leader, Xinhai Revolution; Guangdong Representative for the Republic of China Provisional Presidential Election, 1911; Feng Chia University in Taiwan is named in honour of Qiu.
Taiwan Hsieh Tsay-chuan
1944- Taoyuan, Taiwan Acting President, Judicial Yuan (Chief Justice), 2010.
Taiwan Hsu Fu-lin
1878-1958 Heping, Guangdong Heping, Guangdong Losing candidate in the Republic of China Presidential Election to Chiang Kai-shek, 1954; Leader, China Democratic Socialist Party, 1946-1958; Hsu was the Finance Minister in the Republic of China government in China, 1946-.
Taiwan Hsu Ching-chung
1907-1996 Taipei, Taiwan Jiaoling, Guangdong Vice-Premier, Republic of China, 1972-1981.
Taiwan Huang Chen-Chiu
1898-1979 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong General First-class (four-star general), 1962-; First Commander-in-chief, Taiwan Garrison Command (台湾警备总司令部), a secret police/state security body responsible for suppressing activities viewed as promoting democracy and Taiwan independence, 1958.
Taiwan Jiang Wen-Ye
1910-1983 New Taipei, Taiwan Yongding, Fujian Well-known composer active in Japan and later in China; Jiang was a theme in the 2003 Japanese film, Café Lumière, directed by Hou Hsiao-Hsien, which tells the story of a young Japanese woman doing research on the composer; His work is featured on the soundtrack, and his Japanese wife and daughter make appearances as themselves.
Taiwan Jiang Yi-huah
1960- Keelung, Taiwan Premier of the Republic of China, 2013-2014.
Taiwan Lai Ming-tang
1911-1984 Shizheng, Jiangxi Shizheng, Jiangxi General First-class (four-star general), 1970-; Chief of General Staff, Republic of China Armed Forces, 1970-1976; Commander-in-chief, Republic of China Air Force, 1967-1970.
Taiwan Lai Pen-mei
1933- Taoyuan, Taiwan i Co-founder, Din Tai Fung; Lai is largely credited as the person behind the success of Din Tai Fung which was founded by her husband and her in 1980; Din Tai Feng was selected as one of the top ten restaurants in the world by New York Times, 1993; The story of Lai was made into a Hakka television drama, "Legend of Din Tai Fung" (十里桂花香), and written into a book, titled "照亮鼎太丰的太阳", 2009.
Taiwan Lee Teng-hui
1923- Sanchih, Taiwan Yongding, Fujian President of the Republic of China, 1988–2000; First popularly elected President in Chinese history.
Taiwan Li Yuan-tsu
1923- Pingjiang, Hunan Pingjiang, Hunan Vice-President of the Republic of China, 1990–1996.
Taiwan Lim Hoi Yim
(Lin Haiyin)
1918-2001 Osaka, Japan Jiaoling, Guangdong Famous novelist; Lin's memoirs, "My Memories of Old Beijing" (城南旧事), was made into a film of the same name in 1982; The film was selected as one of the "100 Greatest Chinese Films of the 20th Century" by Yazhou Zhoukan (Asia Weekly).
Taiwan Liu Kwo-tsai
1911-1993 Miaoli, Taiwan Pingyuan, Guangdong President of the Legislative Yuan, 1988-1990.
Taiwan Loa Ho
1894-1943 Changhua, Taiwan Raoping, Guangdong Poet and anti-Japanese Occupation political activist; Loa is hailed as the "Father of Modern Taiwanese Literature".
Taiwan Ng Pak Hiung
(Wu Po-hsiung)
1939- Taoyuan, Taiwan Yongding, Fujian Chairman, Kuomintang, 2007-2009; Mayor, Taipei, 1988–1990.
Taiwan Rai Hau-min
1939- Miaoli, Taiwan President, Judicial Yuan (Chief Justice), 2010-.
Taiwan Soong Mui Lin
(Soong May-ling)
1898-2003 Shanghai Wenchang, Hainan Youngest of the Soong Sisters; Wife of Chiang Kai-shek, leader of the Republic of China after Sun Yat-sen died; In 1943, Soong became the first Chinese national and the second woman to address both Houses of the United States Congress to solicit American support in the war against the Japanese.
Taiwan Tang Yao-ming
1940- Taizhong, Taiwan Yunxiao, Fujian First Local (non-Mainlander) Taiwanese Minister of National Defense, 2002-2004; General First-class (four-star general), 1999-; Chief of General Staff, Republic of China Armed Forces, 1999-2002.
Taiwan Tsung Lee Foh
(Chung Li-ho)
1915-1960 Pingtung, Taiwan Meixian, Guangdong Famous novelist; Chung's autobiographical novel, "My Native Land" (原乡人), was made into a film of the same name in 1980.
Taiwan Wang Sheng
1915-2006 Longan, Jiangxi Longan, Jiangxi General, 1970-; Director, General Political Warfare Department (总政治作战部), 1975-1983; Wang was the second most powerful person in Taiwan after President Chiang Ching-kuo as he led the "Liu Shaokang Office" (刘少康办公室) which was described as the inner court of the Kuomintang party headquarters.
Taiwan Wei Ing-chou
1954- Changhua, Taiwan Yongding, Fujian Wei and his three younger brothers own Ting Hsin International Group which was founded by their father, Wei Hede (魏和德), and are the biggest private shareholders of Taipei 101, the tallest building in Taiwan; The Wei brothers are ranked 2nd richest in Taiwan, Forbes, 2014.
Taiwan Annette Lu
1944- Taoyuan, Taiwan Nanjing, Fujian First and only female Vice-President of the Republic of China, 2000–2008.
Taiwan Lü Shao-chia
1960- Hsinchu, Taiwan One of the world's leading opera conductors of his generation.
Taiwan Luo Fuxing
1886-1914 Jakarta, Indonesia Jiaoling, Guangdong Revolutionary martyr whose planned uprising against Japanese rule in Taiwan failed, 1914; A film about Luo, "A Man of Immortality" (大湖英烈), was made in 1981; Luo's father is Hakka Chinese and mother is Indonesian of Portuguese origin.
Taiwan Luo Lie
1907-1976 Changting, Fujian Changting, Fujian General, 1959-; Commander-in-chief, Republic of China Army, 1959-1961.
Taiwan Wu Chuo-liu
1900-1976 Hsinchu, Taiwan Jiaoling, Guangdong Influential novelist; Wu's highly acclaimed semi-autobiography, "Orphan of Asia" (亚细亚的孤兒), which highlighted the ambiguity of being Taiwanese, has since become a key theme in the contentious subject of Taiwanese identity.
Taiwan Yap Kiuk Lan
(Yeh Chu-lan)
1949- Miaoli, Taiwan Zhangzhou, Fujian Vice-Premier, Republic of China, 2004–2005.
Taiwan Yu Shyi-kun
1948- Yilan, Taiwan Zhao'an, Fujian Premier of the Republic of China, 2002-2005; Chairman, Democratic Progressive Party, 2006-2007.
Taiwan Chai Yin Vun
(Tsai Ing-wen)
1939- Pingtung, Taiwan Zhangzhou, Fujian Vice-Premier, Republic of China, 2006–2007; First female Chairperson, Democratic Progressive Party, 2008-2012, 2014-. President of the Republic of China, 2016–; First and only female President in Chinese history; First female without any political lineage to head a government in Asia
Thailand Hiew Tat Sin
(Thaksin Shinawatra)
1949- Chiang Mai, Thailand Fengshun, Guangdong Only Prime Minister of Thailand to be re-elected in Thailand history, 2001–2006; Parties linked to Thaksin had won all the five general elections in Thailand since 2001.
Thailand Hiew Yingluck
(Yingluck Shinawatra)
1967- Chiang Mai, Thailand Fengshun, Guangdong Younger sister of Thaksin; First and only female Prime Minister of Thailand, 2011-2014.
Timor-Leste Francisco Kalbuadi Lay
1954- Timor-Leste Meixian, Guangdong Older brother of Pedro Lay; Cabinet Minister, 2012-; First Chinese to be elected to National Parliament, 2002-2005.
Timor-Leste Pedro Lay
Timor-Leste Meixian, Guangdong First Chinese Cabinet Minister, 2007-2015.
Trinidad and Tobago Solomon Ho Choy
1905-1983 Jamaica Bao'an, Guangdong Last British Governor, 1960–1962; First non-white Governor in the whole of the British Empire, 1960; First Governor-General, 1962–1972, when Trinidad and Tobago obtained independence in 1962; First Chinese Head of State in a non-Asian country.
United Arab Emirates Michael Hwang
1943- Sydney, Australia Meixian, Guangdong Grand-nephew of Huang Zunxian; Chief Justice, Dubai International Financial Centre Courts, 2010-.
United Kingdom Nat Wei, Baron Wei
1977- Hertfordshire,
United Kingdom
Zhuhai, Guangdong Youngest member at the age of 34 and first British-born person of Chinese origin in the House of Lords, 2011-.
USA Steven N. S. Cheung
1935- Hong Kong Huiyang, Guangdong Famous economist best known for his work on transaction costs and property rights.
USA David Chiu
1970- Ohio, USA Member, California State Assembly, 2014-.
USA Goo Kim Fui
1835-1908 Meixian, Guangdong Meixian, Guangdong President, United Chinese Society (中华会馆) in Hawaii, 1892-1898; Chinese Consul General in Hawaii, 1902-; Played an instrumental role in uniting the Chinese and fighting for their rights during the anti-Chinese agitation in Hawaii in the 1880s-1890s.
USA Hiew Sin Tung
(Shing-Tung Yau)
1949- Shantou, Guangdong Jiaoling, Guangdong Famous mathematician; Received the Fields Medal (regarded as the Nobel Prize for mathematicians), 1982.
USA Cho-Liang Lin
1960- Hsinchu, Taiwan World-renowned violinist and conductor who has performed with virtually every major orchestra in the world.
USA Qi-Huan Lin
1977- Indonesia Meixian, Guangdong US tech mogul; Founder and Chairman, Solstice Group; Visual Designer, Microsoft, Redmond: MSN Live (Windows Live); Inventor of many features found in software & technologies worldwide.
USA Ching W. Tang
1949- Hong Kong Guangdong Physical chemist; Inventor of several groundbreaking electronic devices, including the organic light-emitting diode (OLED), which is found in most modern digital displays such as TVs, computer monitors and mobile phones; Received the Wolf Prize in Chemistry, 2011.
USA Lianxing Wen
1968- Shanghang, Fujian Shanghang, Fujian Seismologist, geodynamicist and planetary scientist who has made fundamental contributions to many discoveries in the Earth's interior; Recipient of the James B. Macelwane Medal, 2003.
USA Yiaway Yeh
1978- San Francisco, USA Meixian, Guangdong First Chinese Mayor of Palo Alto, California, 2012.

Copyright © 2000 Siakhenn
Last modified on
arrw_tp_blu.gif (131 bytes)